Start off by Learning a Few Basic Roofing Terms so You Don't Become Overwhelmed!
Then, When You're Ready to Get Started, Give Our Highly Qualified Team Members a Call Today!
Roofing Component Basics
As most everyone already knows, the major function of a roof is really to protect the home from the elements - snow, rain, wind, etc. For this exact reason, every home should have a roof that really performs, and how it performs depends upon how well it keeps out the elements.
When it comes to learning what types of materials go into roofing a home, there is a considerable amount to cover. Some of which involve pretty tricky terminology that can become somewhat confusing. In order to eliminate some of this confusion and make things a little easier for our customers and our readers, we've included a few definitions that cover the basics of roofing and some of what goes into a roofing system.
If you have any questions or concerns, our qualified team members are only a phone call away and would be more than happy to assist you!
- Decking - The foundation of your roof. The deck base rests against your attic, covers the rafters and supports the weight of the roofing materials. The deck is usually made out of plywood or a composite.
- Eaves - The edges of the roof that juts out over the walls of your home. Most eaves house intake vents for attic ventilation. Did you know your attic needs to be vented? A vented attic helps keep your attic from getting too warm, which can cause all sorts of moisture issues for your roofing materials or melt off snow too rapidly in the winter, which may cause ice dams in your gutters.
- Underlayment - The underlayment of a roof is the black paper that is laid over the plywood sheeting which seals the roof from damaging elements (snow, ice, rain, etc.). The use of a membrane, such as a waterproof membrane, a sweat sheet or a vapor barrier is typically required, but roofing underlayment serves as a triple function.
- Flashing - Roof flashing is the metal pieces that are used to divert water from places where it might otherwise collect, such as the hips and valleys on a roof. Flashing can be crafted from a variety of materials. You can use a galvanized flashing, a galvanized alloy, lead coated, copper, copper or stainless steel; any of these would work fine.
- Shingles or Tile - The shingles or tiles make up the outermost part of a roofing system. Sitting atop the underlayment, they form the external barrier against all of the elements. In the residential roofing industry, the same basic types of roofs have been in use for hundreds of years and are still in use today. As a matter of fact, the shingle and tile have been in use for thousands of years. You can find intact tiles that have been in use for over 5,000 years. Despite their history, however, shingles and tiles are just two of various types of materials that can be used to cover a roof. Others materials include wood shingles, concrete, and metal.
- Trim - The trim on a roof protects all of the seams, such as a hip or a ridge.
The Seven Design Elements of a Roof
- Ridge - This is the peak otherwise known as the highest point of the roof.
- Hip - This is a high point where two adjacent roof sections meet
- Valley - A valley is where two sections of a roof slope downward and meet.
- Pitch - This refers to the steepness or the slope of the roof.
- Eaves - This refers to the section of the roof that hangs over the rest of the home.
- Gables - These are the triangular pieces of the ends of the home that extend from the eaves of the roof to the peak of the roof.
- Dormer - These sections of the home extrude from the roof. They are usually added as a way to bring light into an attic or the upper level of your home.
Some of The Information Above Was Found On diynetwork.com